Uganda Journal: Volume II Number 1

In our todays book feature is another Uganda Journal. The Journal Volume II Number 1. Published in July, 1943.

The contents are:
Editorial; Ernest de Bellefonds and Stanley’s letter to the ‘Daily Telegraph’; Mweso – The Board Game; Some Notes on the Biggo Bya Baganyi; Blood Brotherhood in Ankole. Mahogany; Notes on Uganda Mosquitos and Methods of Control; Some Notes on the reign of Mutesa. Notes: A Glimpse of Uganda’s Past; Storks; the Kampala Museum.

Blood brotherhood in Ankole
The Idea of sealing friendship in blood is age old and can be found in many lands. It is probably more common in Africa than in any other part of the world. The actual ceremony differs only in detail. The results are the same. In this article F. Lukyn Williams explains how blood-brotherhood is practiced in Ankole. There are three main clans in Ankole, which are in their turn subdivided into many sub clans. The children of these clans are born into the father’s clan while the men can only marry girls of another clan. If a man makes Omukago with another the Omukago lasts in theory forever. The clans into which a father has made Omukago are passed on to the son and he cannot in his turn make Omukago into any of the same clans. But in practice that means they will forget with which Omukago has been made after two generations. Women cannot be made with a woman or between women. In the following he explains more rules and finally lists each step of the ceremony.

Notes on Uganda Mosquitos and on Methods of Control
In this article G. H. E. Hopkins mentions that the mosquito in Africa carries several diseases such as; malaria, yellow fever, dengue and filiariasis. He describes, that the adult mosquitos have different feeding – habits according to their sex and species. Males are vegetarian while females (not in all species) must have blood in order to mature their eggs. 141 different species of mosquitos are known from Uganda. In the genus Anopheles there are 27 Uganda species and only a few of which carry malaria.
He is of the opinion that at least in tropical Africa an enormous proportion of the malaria is caused by ourselves, since we make the greater number of breeding – places. Those are made by digging large holes, in order to get material for roads or houses, also by draining cultivation breeding- places are created.

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The Graphic Stanley Number 1890

In our todays book-feature is ‘The Graphic Stanley Number 1890’ by Edward Joseph Mansfield.

In 1890, the popular British magazine The Graphic published this special issue dedicated to Henry Stanley’s adventures in Africa. Stanley wrote several books such as: In Darkest Africa’ and ‘How I found Livingstone’.

Stanley was born in Denbigh, Wales on 28 January 1841 as John Rowlands and died 10 May 1904 in London. He was a Welsh journalist and explorer, who was known for his exploration of central Africa and his search for missionary and explorer David Livingstone. Stanley found Livingstone on 10 November 1871 in Ujiji, near Lake Tanganyika in present- day Tanzania. Probably he greeted him with the now-famous line, “Doctor Livingstone, I presume?” It may also have been a fabrication, as Stanley tore out of his diary the pages relating to the meeting.

In 1874, Stanley got financed on another expedition to Africa. His objective was to complete the exploration and mapping of the central African lakes and rivers, in the process circumnavigating Lakes Victoria and Tanganyika and finding the source of the Nile.

In addition Stanley claimed the Congo for the Belgian King. King Leopold II of Belgium, who had organized a private holding company in 1876 disguised as an international scientific and philanthropic association, which he called the ‘International African Association’. The king spoke of his intention to introduce western civilization and bring religion to that part of Africa, but did not mention the fact that he wanted to claim the lands. Stanley travelled for him to the Congo in order to successively buy the Land. He made the Congolese local chiefs sign the sales agreement, without telling them what they’re actually signing. The sales agreement included the transfer of the manpower of the residents into the ownership of Leopold. Through his work it was possible for a private person – Leopold II. to become the owner of 2,5 million square kilometre land.

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A Doctor and his Dog in Uganda

Due to some technical issues we haven’t been able to post our book- feature on Friday. But with a little delay here it comes: „A Doctor and his Dog in Uganda“ is in todays book feature. It is a book from the writings of A.R. Cook, B. A., M.D., B.Sc. Medical Missionary of the Church Missionary Society. Published in 1903 by The Religious Tract Society in London.

The book is about his life in Uganda as a doctor. In 1896 Albert Cook went to Uganda with a church missionary Society mission and in 1897 he established The Mengo Hospital, the first Hospital in East Africa. Together with his wife, Katharine Cook, he established a maternity training school in Uganda. And founded the Nurses Training College in 1931.

Albert Cook was born in Hamsted, London in 1870. He graduated from Trinity College, Cambridge 1893 and from St Bartholomew’s Hospital in 1895 as a Bachelor of Medicine. In 1901 he became a Doctor of Medicine. In Uganda he was President of the Uganda Branch of the British Medical Association (BMA) between 1914 and 1918, during which time he founded a school for African medical assistants.

So if you are interested in reading our copy of “A Doctor and his Dog in Uganda” you are very welcome to visit the Uganda Society library.

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Myths and Legends of the Bantu

In todays book – feature is ‘Myths and Legends of the Bantu’ by Alice Werner. Published in 1933 by George G. Harrap & Co. LTD in London. The book includes thirty-two Illustrations from photographs.

Alice Werner (1859-1935) was an all – around writer, poet and teacher of the Bantu language. She lived in New Zealand, Mexico, America and throughout Europe. The Bantu people are the 300–600 ethnically and linguistically related ethnic groups in Africa who speak Bantu languages. Bantu is itself a major branch of the Niger-Congo language family spoken by most populations in Sub-Saharan Africa. Today the Bantus inhabit a geographical area in Sub-Equatorial Africa (also called: Bantu Africa) stretching east and southward from Central Africa to the African Great Lakes and Southern Africa.

The book contains legends and myths from the Bantu culture concerning the gods, the origin of mankind, the afterlife, the heroes and demigods, various creatures, real and mythical, as well as some of the great Bantu epics.

Within these pages you will find 20 chapters filled with around 200 stories selected from across Southern Africa – of prophets, doctors, witches, chameleons, the legend of Ngeketo, baboons, the Zulu Tokoloshe, Sikulokobuzuka, the road and the climb to heaven, the daughter of the Sun and the Moon, half-men, avengers of blood, the African Brer rabbit, frogs, war and death, lightning birds, cannibals, jackals, ogres, how the leopard got his spots, were-wolves, tortoises and lions and the practical jokes they played on each other; and many, many more for keeping a young audience captivated for hours.

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African Tapestry

Today Margaret Trowell’s ‘African Tapestry’ is on our daily book feature. Her book was published in 1956 by Faber& Faber in London.

Readers will enjoy Torwell’s Story of her life with her family in Africa. It has a special interest for students of African Art because she founded the Makerere College of Art. This school has produced the well known artists for example Gregory Maloba (sculptor) and Sam Ntiro (painter).
The school was started in 1937. Lectures were held at her house and by 1939 she had collected enough to hold an exhibition at the imperial art Institute in London. In her work she was fired by Kenneth Mulsay, who held an exhibition of the work of his Nigerian students in London. Next Mrs Trowell was successful in persuading the college to accept fulltime art students. In 1950 the Diploma of Fine Arts was instituted. The reason for her success does not lie only in the pleasure she has taken in African art, but in the efforts she has made to relate it to the social background from which it has emerged.


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1st Uganda Journal

After the long weekend we’re back to our daily book – feature: Here you see one of our Uganda Journals. But not just any Uganda Journal, it’s the very first one. Vol.1 No.1 published in January 1934. In addition to that there is the Vol. 1 No. 2 included in this book.

Vol. 1 No. 1: Contents: Editorial; The Marimba Forest; Bark Cloth making in Buganda; Mutesa of Buganda; Notes on the Flora and Fauna of an Uganda Swamp; Notes: The Uganda Staff List for 1895; Native Music; Acholi Dances; The Origin of the Payera Acholi; A Dry Crossing of the Nile; Neoantrophic man of the early Stone Age; A Corrigendum to Speke’s Journal of the Discovery of the Source of the Nile.
Vol. 1 No. 2: Editorial; The Journey to Uganda; Katawe; The British Expedition to the Birunga Volcanoes; Ethnological Notes on the Karimojong; Some Notes on the Reign of Mutesa; The Population of Uganda: A Geographical Interpretation. Notes: James Martin; Bismutotantalite; Acholi Hunts; Bird Migration; An Approach to Linguistics.

In the following we’ll give you two short excerpts of the contents of each journal.
Marimba Forest: This article is written by Captain C.R.S. Pitman a game warden in Uganda. He describes the forest, it’s history, it’s inhabitants and his wildlife. The forest is florally and faunally West Africans now isolated easterly extension of Equatorial “Rain” Forest. Also called a forest Island. The article includes photos of several animals and fauna and flora.

The Population of Uganda: A Geographical Interpretation. This article is written by Samuel John Kenneth Baker. First he describes the country. It consists of an uplifted peneplain in the Archean schists, gneisses and granites, which make up the Basement Complex of the African Continent. The following description is very detailed and Baker uses some maps in order to explain his description. He uses a Orographical map of Uganda and Uganda’s Mean Annual Rainfall. To describe the people and their means of livelihood he uses the map of Uganda’s Plantain Production and Millet Production. In his last chapter Baker explains the distribution of Population with a map of Uganda’s Cotton Production.1 2 3

My African Journey

Today we’re starting our daily book – feature of one copy of our current inventory. We’ll give you a short abstract and if you’re interested in reading one of the books, feel free to visit us in the library. 🙂
From today on you can look forward to a daily book –feature!! Let yourself be surprised!

On the photo you can see our copy of “My African Journey” by Winston S. Churchill. We are proud to occupy one of the first editions published in 1908 in London by Hodder and Stoughton with sixty illustrations from photographs by the author and Lieutenant – Colonel Gordon Wilson, and three maps.

My African Journey, first published in 1908, documents Winston S. Churchill’s travels, the experience he made and the people he met. As Under Secretary of State for the Colonies in 1907, he visited Britain’s territories in East Africa. He enthuses about the natural beauty of Uganda. From there here continues his journey and goes on to explore Egypt and Sudan via the White Nile. The book is more than a travel report. Churchill turns his attention towards issues of government and development. He suggested that developing the railway system was the best way to improve the wealth of East Africa. His thoughts on government, settlement and race provide an intriguing insight into contemporary imperialism and African history. For both Churchill enthusiasts and those interested in the historical relationship between Britain and its colonies towards the end of the British Empire this book is a very interesting reading.